the most common surgical problem is hernia. It is common in both the sexes and the commonest site being the inguinal region. The prevalence of hernia is about 30%. The tubercle plays an important role in inguinal hernia. The measurements wary from person to person depending on it the risk of developing inguinal hernia is also present. Prevention is a major step which specially in early adulthood.
Aim: To assess the liaison (relation) of pubospinal distance between cases and controls.
Methods: A case control study was carried out to evaluate the risk of low lie tubercle. All the subjects were evaluated who fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The sample size studied was 150 cases and 150 controls. Measurements of SS line, ST line and MP line were taken and evaluated for risk of inguinal hernia.
Results: the age group studied ranged from 17 to 65 years. 120 were male subjects and 30 female subjects. Major of the subjects had indirect hernia. The commonest complaint among the subjects was swelling. The measurements were taken in detail and analyzed for cases and controls. The role of SS, ST and MP lines were significant and proportional to developing inguinal hernia.
Conclusion: the end result of this study showed age group between 51-60 years inguinal hernia is common. More number of subjects had indirect inguinal hernia. With regard to measurements SS and ST line was higher in cases when compared to controls.