Aim: The aim of this study was to shed the light on the most common predictive factors for the occurrence and rate of complications associated with hernia repair.
Material and Methods: A prospective study with total 200 patients were included, conducted at Department of General Surgery. After approval by the Institutional Ethics Committee, the study was conducted for the period of one year.
Results: 140 patients were females and 60 males in the present study. The mean age of patients was 36.4 with the oldest patient in our study being 90 years. The mean BMI for the studied papulation was 32.8. The mean duration of hospital stay was 3.5 days. Previous abdominal wall surgery was the most common risk factor (110 patients) followed by pregnancy (70 patients), chronic constipation (30 patients), chronic chough (10 patients). There was a significant correlation between age of patients and duration of admission (p value 0.003) however no significant correlation between gender and duration of admission was found. Para umbilical hernias were the most common operated hernia in our study (70 hernia) followed by umbilical (60 hernia), incisional (44 hernia). Type of hernia did not have a significant effect on outcome or duration of hospital stay, nor on the risk of recurring emergency surgery. Most common complication was seroma/hematoma developing in 20 of patients and 8 patients had a recurrence within the follow up period.
Conclusion: In conclusion; this was a single centre experience with the ventral hernia repair, addressing risk factors and educate the population is an important step that should be taken to decrease the incidence of ventral all hernia and its complication.