Burn injuries have major health problem because of its high, morbidity, disability and mortality in young and middle-age people. Burn injuries also have social problems associated with it. It may be associated with accidental, suicidal or homicidal causes. Despite of such importance of burn injuries from clinical and social point of view, there is scarcity of research on burn injuries in India. Thus we tried to highlight our observations in this study which had been undertaken to find out the causes of burn and to clinical profile and treatment outcome of burn patients in the our Institute.
Material methods: This observational study was conducted from March 2017 to July 2018 in patients of burn injury who were admitted in general surgical wards of Pandit B. D. Sharma PGIMS Rohtak Haryana. We have studied 226 burn patients who admitted in our general surgical units of our Institute. Burns patients who are above 18 years and both sexes were including in the study and patients less than18 years of age were excluded from the study.
Results: A total of 226 patients had burns injuries. 162 were male and 64 female in the ratio of M: F-2.53: 1.Males were mostly affected (71.68%) in comparison to females. Most of the burn patients were in the age group of 21-30 years in this studied.i.e.42.02%. Least patients are seen in 50-75 percentage of burn. As regard to causes, The house hold activities has maximum number of patients as shown and electricity is causing second highest cases (26.99%), less number of patients are suicidal (3.53) and unknown etiology is seen seven cases.
Conclusion: Burn injury prevention is very difficult task, but to avoid the significant morbidity and mortality following the burn injury. We have to take every measures to control its incidence. A coordinated and dedicated approach by social workers, medical and paramedical personnel, administrators can only minimize the incidence of burn injury in India.