Open appendectomy (OA) has been the treatment of choice for acute appendicitis since its introduction by Mc-burney in 1884. Laparoscopic appendectomy (LA) though widely practiced, has not gained universal approval. LA was first described in 1983. Some early studies showed equivocal results about benefit of LA. Recent studies showed overall benefit in favour of LA. So, we decided to do this study with a view to evaluate the therapeutic benefit of LA by comparing with conventional OA.
Materials and methods: We collected data of 100 appendectomies done in Chamarajanagara institute of medical sciences & hospital from for a period of 15 months. Out of them 50 had conventional OA and 50 had LA. We compared the mean operation time, time of first oral feeding, narcotic analgesic requirement, and duration of post-operative hospital stay.
Results: We found that mean operation time was 33±5.8 minute and 37±7.5 minute in LA and OA respectively. Duration of post-operative hospital stay was 1.2 days shorter in Laparoscopic group. LA required 1.1 shots of less analgesic than OA. Oral feeding was resumed 21 hours earlier following LA compared to OA. Laparoscopic appendectomy was safely performed in paediatric patient without any adverse effect. We also found that, in female patient, concurrent ovarian cysts, tubal pregnancy and endometriosis can be diagnosed and managed laparoscopically in the same sitting.
Conclusion: Our study found that laparoscopic appendectomy is an effective and safe procedure irrespective of age and sex of the patient. LA has added advantage of early return of bowel movement, less post-op hospital stay and less requirement of narcotic analgesic.