Thyroid disorders are one of the most common endocrine diseases. The present study assessed complications associated with thyroid surgery in patients.
Materials & Methods: This retrospective study was conducted on 54 patients in which thyroidectomy was performed in last 4 years of both genders. Preoperative investigations such as T3, T4, TSH, FNAC, ultrasonography of thyroid gland were performed. CT scan was done where indicated. Complications of surgery were also noted.
Results: Out of 54 patients, males were 20 and females were 34. Common thyroid diseases were solitary nodular goiter in 21, multi nodular goiter in 13, adenomatous goiter in 12 and follicular carcinoma in 8. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). Common complications were air way obstruction in 3, hemorrhage in 4, hypoparathyroidism in 8, wound infection in 2, thyrotoxic crisis in 5 and recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis in 5 cases. The difference was significant (P< 0.05).
Conclusion: Authors found that common complications are air way obstruction, hemorrhage, hypoparathyroidism, wound infection, thyrotoxic crisis and recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis.