Background: the patients after the surgical removal of gall bladder usually develops post-surgical complications like autonomic dysfunctions and respiratory dysfunctions.
Objectives: the present study was undertaken to determine and compare the respiratory and autonomic parameters in males and females patients after cholecystectomy.
Methods: The present study involved 30 patients of post cholecystectomy within the age group of 40 to 60 years of age from the general surgery departments. Breath holding time inspiration (BHT-i) and breath holding time expiration (BHT-e) and respiratory rate (RR) was assessed by standard methods available in the literature. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure and pulse rate were assessed using automated blood pressure instrument manufactured by Omron.
Results: breath holding time inspiration was significantly decreased in males when compared with females. There was no significant difference in breath holding time expiration among males and females. Respiratory rate was not significantly different among males and females. Similar results were observed for autonomic parameters. There was no significant difference observed in systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure and pulse rate among males and females.
Conclusion: The study observed decline in the respiratory parameters and also altered autonomic parameters in both genders. However, there are no gender differences in these parameters. The study recommends mores studies with involvement of multiple centers and more number of patients to understand the variations so that the treatment strategies can be well planned for the benefit of general population.