To assess risk factors associated with occurrence of penetrating ocular injury among patients presenting to Alkadimiya Teaching hospital in Baghdad. Iraq.
Materials and Method: All cases of penetrating ocular injury presenting over 3-year period, were identified by retrospective chart review. All current cases of penetrating ocular injury identified were included. All information was obtained retrospectively from medical records.
Results: the cohort consisted of 116 cases. That admitted to the eye department in Alkadimiya Teaching hospital for surgical treatment because of penetrating eye injury in years 2017, 2018, 2019.
Injuries were most likely to occur outside home (in the work or in the streets). The most common mechanism of injury was missiles injury the age ranges from 1 year to 60 years. The most affected age group in 30-39 years group (29.5%) followed by 20-29 years group (27.8%) are least in 50-60-year group (5%). Males were affected more frequently involved than females (86.2% males 13.8% females). The final acuity could not be assessed because many cases needs further vitreoretinal management in a tertiary center.
Conclusion: Penetrating ocular injury occurs most frequently in the work or during the patient’s way to work (because of explosions during 2017), other causes include playing with sharp object in the children age group.