Author(s): Dr. E Chinnaiah and Dr. Tejus V Nagireddy
Abstract: Benign breast diseases constitute a heterogeneous group of lesions which include developmental abnormalities, inflammatory lesions, epithelial and stromal proliferations, and neoplasms. The importance of benign breast disease lies in the fact that some of them are indistinguishable from breast carcinoma and some of these disease themselves increase the chances of the women developing breast cancer in future. Though benign breast diseases are very common with nearly 1/3rd of women suffering during their life time, not many studies have focused on this entity. The study of benign breast disease was undertaken in AH&RC which has patient clientele mostly of rural background.50 patients admitted with benign breast disease were followed up for a period of 3-8 months with the mean of 8 months. They were checked for recurrence of symptoms and any signs of early breast cancer. The main investigations consisted of USG, FNAC and Mammography apart from thorough clinical breast examination. Among all the cases, fibroadenoma (50%) was the most common benign breast disease found mainly in patients who were in second and third decade of life. The next commonest was fibrocystic disease (18%) found in less than 40 years of age. All of our patients presented with lump in the breast, 54% on right side, 30% on left side and 16% bilateral. Lump breast was the main presentation in all (100%) of our patients along with mastalgia in 74% of them.