The aim of this study was to compare between rubber band ligation and injection sclerotherapy in patients with second degree haemorrhoids.
Background: Haemorrhoids are common surgical problem throughout the world which affects quality of life and leads to significant pain and discomfort. Various modalities are available as treatment options for haemorrhoids. Injection sclerotherapy and rubber band ligation are in use for the treatment of early haemorrhoids (1st and 2nd degree)
Study Designs: The study was designed as a prospective randomized study.
Place and Duration of Study: The study was conducted in Indira Gandhi medical college and hospital, Puducherry from January 2019 to August 2019.
Patients and Methods: A total of 72 patients with second degree haemorrhoids were divided into two groups. In group A, there were 36 patients who were subjected to rubber band ligation and in group B there were 36 patients in whom injection sclerotherapy was done. Patients were followed up at 3 months following surgery to assess the incidence of pain, bleeding per rectum, recurrence.
Results: At 3 month follow up, pain during defaecation was significantly lower in Group A (rubber band ligation) compared to Group B (injection sclerotherapy) with no significance in other complications.
Conclusion: Rubber band ligation is superior to injection sclerotherapy in treating patients with second degree haemorrhoids.