A study of the clinical profile of acute pancreatitis and it’s correlation with severity indices
Author(s): Dr. Jadhav SC, Dr. Jaykar RD and Dr. Wasekar SM
Abstract:Background: Acute pancreatitis is an inflammatory process with possible peripancreatic tissue and multi organ involvement inducing multi organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) with an increased mortality rate. Acute pancreatitis may vary in severity, from mild self-limiting pancreatic inflammation to pancreatic necrosis with life-threatening sequelae. Severity of acute pancreatitis is linked to the presence of systemic organ dysfunctions and/or necrotizing pancreatitis.
Methods: This is prospective study of 100 patients diagnosed as having acute pancreatitis and after obtaining informed written consent of patient. Patients inclusive are all the patients with diagnosis of acute pancreatitis (consecutive 100 patients) admitted in tertiary care hospital. Patients with chronic pancreatitis and pancreatic malignancy and Patient not willing to participate in the study excluded from the study.
Results and Conclusions: In present study it is concluded that Gall stone is the commonest cause, epigastric pain is the commonest mode of presentation, while Pleural effusion is most common complication of acute pancreatitis. Two or more severity indices should be used for determining severity, prediction of early complications and mortality associated with acute pancreatitis