Unusual locations, presentations of hydatid cyst and their laparoscopic management
Author(s): Dr. Dhawal Sharma, Dr. Gaurav Wadhawan and Dr. KC Vyas
Abstract:Background: Hydatid disease (HD) is caused by the tapeworm Echinococcus granulosus. Hydatid cyst can involve all human parts and most common affected organs are liver and lungs. Incidence of unusual site is about 8-10%.
Aim: To study unusual locations, varied presentations of hydatid cyst in the human body and their laparoscopic management.
Materials and Methods: A retrospective study of HD was carried in a medical college between Jan 2015 and Dec 2019. A total 40 cases of HD were treated during this period. Information on clinical presentation and management were reviewed.
Results: Twenty three cases were of liver HD and seven were with hydatid lung disease. Ten cases of HD of uncommon locations and presentations were encountered during this period. Most patients were managed laparoscopically or assisted techniques.
Conclusion: We conclude that Echinococcus granulosus can affect any organ in the body from head to toe, and a high suspicion of this disease is justified in endemic regions. Can be managed laparoscopically successfully.