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International Journal of Surgery Science
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International Journal of Surgery Science
Vol. 4, Issue 3, Part F (2020)

To evaluate the incidence, cause and clinical presentation of the abdominal trauma patients in a trauma center

Author(s): Dr. Pawan Kumar, Dr. Kumar Ratnesh and Dr. Pankaj Kumar
Abstract: Background: With modernization, industrialization and motorization of the society there is a rapid increase in the incidence of abdominal trauma. Initial clinical assessment of the abdomen in trauma is accurate in less than 80 percent of cases. Hence; the present study was conducted with the aim of evaluating the incidence, cause and clinical presentation of the abdominal trauma patients in a trauma center.
Materials and methods: A total of 250 patients who were admitted to the emergency department were enrolled in the present study. Clinical examination of all the patients was carried out and findings were recorded. Demographic data was also recorded separately from record files.
Results: The incidence of patients with abdominal trauma was found to be 46 percent. Cause of abdominal trauma was fall from height in 33.04 percent of the cases, road traffic accident in 36.52 percent of the cases, violence in 20 percent of the cases and sports injury in 10.44 percent of the cases. In the present study, abdominal pain and abdominal distension were present in 80 percent and 51.3 percent of the cases, abdominal rigidity was present in 79 percent of the cases while shock and hematuria were found to be present in 36.65 and 10.43 percent of the cases.
Conclusion: Among young population, abdominal trauma is a frequent cause of morbidity and mortality
Pages: 371-373  |  262 Views  114 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Dr. Pawan Kumar, Dr. Kumar Ratnesh, Dr. Pankaj Kumar. To evaluate the incidence, cause and clinical presentation of the abdominal trauma patients in a trauma center. Int J Surg Sci 2020;4(3):371-373. DOI: https://doi.org/10.33545/surgery.2020.v4.i3f.526
International Journal of Surgery Science