Assessment of predictive factors for difficult laparoscopic cholecystectomy
Author(s): Dr. Santosh Kumar Gupta and Dr. Manzoor Ahmed
Abstract:Background: The present study was conducted to assess predictive factors for difficult laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
Materials & Methods: 84 patients having symptomatic gallstone disease were included. After the surgery, patients were group into 2 groups those who had a successful laparoscopic cholecystectomy and those cases who had conversion to open cholecystectomy.
Results: Total 6 cases underwent conversion. Out of 15 patients with age >50 years, 3 underwent conversion and out of 69 patients with age <50 years, 3 underwent conversion. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). Out of 46 female patients, 4 underwent conversion and out of 38 male patients, 2 underwent conversion. The difference was significant (P< 0.05).
Conclusion: Authors found that female gender and age >50 years were predictive factors for conversion.