Hyponatraemia and its management in the department of surgery
Author(s): Dr. TA Vasu
Abstract: Hyponatremia is usually discovered on laboratory tests as a lower than normal sodium level in the blood. It will appear as sodium or Na+ in your lab results. Actually, the main problem in the vast number of situations is too much water that dilutes the Na+ value rather than too much sodium. As a result, water moves into body cells, causing them to swell. This swelling causes the major problem, which is a change in mental status that can progress to seizures or coma. Hyponatremia can result from multiple diseases that often are affecting the lungs, liver or brain, heart problems like congestive heart failure, or medications. This study is intended to help the physicians and also clinical practitioners to identify and also help the patients so as to stall the always fatal outcome if treatement is delayed.