A study of clinical and management profile of Hyponatraemia in the department of surgery
Author(s): Dr. Faraz Zeeba
Abstract: A serum level of less than 135mmol/lit is defined as Hyponatraemia. It can be due to be either hypervolemia, euvolemia or hypervolemia condition. It has a high prevalence especially with patients with metabolic disorders. Diabetes is one such condition. Over correction of dehydration is the leading cause of the illness. Acute is a state where the whole scenario arises and manifests within 48 hours. Hyponatraemia causes neurological deficits and the patients come with a plethora of symptoms. Pinpoint diagnosis is the need of the hour as any delay in identifying can actually cause fatal irreversible brain damage to the patients. The correction also if identified has to be done in a graded manner, if not may again be fatal by causing osmotic demyelination. This study puts in an effort to study the clinical and management profile of Hyponatraemia cases. This study is intended to help the physicians and also clinical practitioners to identify and also help the patients so as to stall the always fatal outcome if treatment is delayed.