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International Journal of Surgery Science
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International Journal of Surgery Science
Vol. 5, Issue 2, Part B (2021)

Prevalence of esophageal atresia as well as Mortality Outcomes based on Prognostic Criteria at Tarakan General Hospital from 2015 To 2021

Author(s): Leecarlo Millano Lumban Gaol, Yohanes Firmansyah and Melian Anita
Abstract: Esophageal atresia (EA) is a disorder that often occurs in infants with an incidence in the world ranging from 0.4 - 3.6 per 10,000 births. The survival rate in developed countries ranges from 85 to 95%. The causes of EA mortality in infants vary widely. The purpose of this study was to see the risk factors for the incidence of EA mortality in infants and the prevalence of EA from all operations in the pediatric surgery division at Tarakan Hospital. Method and Material: Cross sectional study with research samples in the form of EA in infant from April 10, 2021 to April 15, 2021 at the Department of Surgery, Pediatric Surgery Division, Tarakan General Hospital from 2015 to 2021. The study was analyzed using descriptive and analytical statistical analysis. Results: The incidence of esophageal atresia was 1.51% from 2015 to 2021. The demographics of the participants were 16 (51.6%), the average age was 8.00 (2.00 - 19.00) months, the type of atresia esophagus type B was 28 (90.3%) and Waterston C was 9 (29.0%). The mortality rate was detected with sepsis, perforation and aspiration in 16 (51, 6 percent) of respondents. In bivariate analysis, the presence of co-morbidities such as sepsis, leaks, and perforation was found to have contributed significantly to death (p-value 0.001), and the mean age difference between death and survival groups was significant.
Pages: 91-95  |  237 Views  113 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Leecarlo Millano Lumban Gaol, Yohanes Firmansyah, Melian Anita. Prevalence of esophageal atresia as well as Mortality Outcomes based on Prognostic Criteria at Tarakan General Hospital from 2015 To 2021. Int J Surg Sci 2021;5(2):91-95. DOI: https://doi.org/10.33545/surgery.2021.v5.i2b.668
International Journal of Surgery Science