Clinical study of cholelithiasis in a tertiary care center
Author(s): Dr. Sachin Jadhav, Dr. Ritwik Devidas Jaykar and Dr. Parvat Kashinath Khade
Abstract:Background: A cholelithiasis or a gallstone is a stone formed within the gallbladder out of precipitated bile components. The term cholelithiasis may refer to the presence of gallstones, and choledocholithiasis refers to presence of migrated gallstones within bile ducts. Gallstones form as a result of solids settling out of solution. The major organic solutes in bile are bilirubin, bile salts, phospholipids, and cholesterol.
Methods: This is prospective study of 50 patients diagnosed as having cholelithiasis and after obtaining informed written consent of patient. Patients inclusive are all the patients with diagnosis of cholelithiasis (consecutive 50 patients) admitted in tertiary care hospital.
Results and Conclusions: In present study it is concluded that highest age incidence in the 4th decade; age, female gender obesity and diabetes is the commonest cause, pian is the commonest mode of presentation, laparoscopy cholecystectomy is most common treatment of choice, while suture line infection is most common complication of cholelithiasis.