To study etiology and complications of acute pancreatitis, to assess the clinical profile of acute pancreatitis.
Material and Methods: The study was a cross sectional study which was carried in the Department of General Surgery, Shri Shankaracharya Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhilai, Chhattisgarh, India for the period of 1 year. Total 100 patients who were diagnosed for acute pancreatitis were include in this study and data collection on admission included age, sex, address and clinical presentation with respect to pain vomiting, gallstones trauma and drugs was noted.
Results: 56 men and 44 women were among the 100 patients. Patients aged 30-40 (42%) followed by 40-50 (33%). All patients (100%) had abdominal discomfort, 84 % had nausea/vomiting, 45% had fever, and 28% had jaundice. Acute pancreatitis is most often caused by biliary pancreatitis (46%) in patients. Alcoholism was the second reason (35%). Hyperlipidemia (4%) and traumatic pancreatitis (4%) were detected in 4 patients each. Idiopathic patients had no known aetiology (11%). Males had the greatest alcohol-induced pancreatitis, followed by biliary aetiology. Diabetes mellitus was found in 59% of the study population. Obesity was seen in 41%.
Conclusion: Acute pancreatitis is one of the most common causes of increased morbidity and death in the general population. The clinical evaluation, in conjunction with laboratory indicators, was highly linked with death and morbidity.