Introduction: It is a common clinical condition-encountered by the otorhinolaryngologist. Key clinical areas of epistaxis are the Little’s area and the ‘Woodruff’s plexus. Little’s area lies in the anteroinferior part of septum; a common site of anterior epistaxis in children and young adults . Woodruff s plexus lies just inferior to the posterior end of inferior turbinate; gives rise to posterior, epistaxis in adults .
The causes of epistaxis are numerous which can be divided into local and general causes. Common local causes are Trauma, Infections, Foreign bodies, Deviated nasal septum, Neoplasms. General causes are Hypertension, Blood dyscrasias, Chronic liver disorders, Chronic kidney diseases, Overuse of salicylates and anticoagulants.
Aim: To study the etiopathogenesis, age and sex distribution of epistaxis.
Materials and Methods: This study was conducted in the ENT department of Sree Mookambika Institute of Medical Sciences, Kulasekharam, Kanyakumari district in a time period from January 2020 to September 2020. Fifty patients of both sexes and all age groups presenting with epistaxis are included in this study. The study was conducted after obtaining the clearance from Institutional Human Ethical Committee.
Study Design: Prospective descriptive study.