The diagnosis of chronic abdominal discomfort is a difficult task in medicine. In individuals with undiagnosed persistent stomach discomfort, laparoscopy, a minimally invasive procedure, could be both diagnostic and therapeutic.
Aim: The goal of this study was to assess the utility of laparoscopy as an investigative tool in the diagnosis and treatment of patients with chronic abdominal discomfort.
Materials and Methods: 60 Patients with chronic abdominal discomfort had their demographics, clinical data, and medical and surgical histories recorded. The level of pain, as measured by a visual analogue scale (VAS) score, the duration of pain, the location of pain, and the nature of the pain were all noted. Routine and radiological examinations were also carried out. The patients underwent diagnostic laparoscopy, either open or closed, under general anaesthesia, following preoperative tests. The VAS score was used to assess discomfort after surgery.
Results: The majority of the patients (63.4 percent) had discomfort that lasted between 8 and 12 weeks, with a mean of 10.99 3.64 weeks. In 58.4 percent of the patients, fever was present. Adhesiolysis (30%) was the most common surgical procedure, followed by appendectomy (28.3 percent). The reduction in postoperative discomfort was statistically significant (p< 0.001).
Conclusion: In the treatment of individuals with chronic abdominal discomfort, laparoscopy is a powerful diagnostic tool that also provides great pain relief. Chronic abdominal discomfort can also be caused by adhesions and an irritated appendix. Validation of the findings, however, necessitates investigations with a large sample size.