Breastfeeding and infant acute otitis media: A comprehensive analytical study
Author(s): Dr. Nishant Gour, Dr. Pratibha Vyas and Dr. Nikhil Soni
Abstract: Significance of the study acute
otitis media (AOM) is an infection of the middle ear usually caused by a
complication of viral infection in the upper respiratory tract 1.
The interaction of virus and bacteria plays an important role in the development
of AOM and in the latter case can be treated with antibiotics . Due to
limited space in the middle ear and relatively poor drainage through the
Eustachian tube, especially in young children, AOM is often accompanied by
significant pain and other characteristics including fever, acute loss of
hearing and general lethargy.
The factors currently
identified as associated with a reduced risk of AOM include breastfeeding,
avoidance of in utero and childhood passive tobacco smoke
exposure, and avoidance of indoor air pollution. Evidence from the literature
supports a reduction in AOM risk from breastfeeding. However, there has been no
recent comprehensive analytical review, particularly addressing issues related
to the effect of duration and exclusivity of breastfeeding on the risk of AOM.
Therefore, we aimed to study the relation between Breastfeeding and acute