The incidence of biliary leak in laporoscopic cholecystectomy
Author(s): Dr. Abbas Ali Hasan, Dr. Mohammed Hatem Abdalkareem and Dr. Samir Z Ahmed Al-Dahawi
Abstract:Introduction: It is a common clinical condition-encountered by the otorhinolaryngologist. Key clinical Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has now replaced open cholecystectomy for the treatment of gallbladder diseases. However, Luparoscopic cholecystectomy may cause varicus complications, an important one of them is biliary injury. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has been practiced for close to 25 years. The rate of common duct injury remains somewhere between 0.4 to 0.7 percent and is approximately the same around the world. Recent papers have stressed ways in which laparoscopic common duct injury can be avoided but none of the methods mentioned is fool proof. In addition, this complication can occur to even the most experienced laparoscopic surgeon this injury needs to be emphasized by the surgical community as an inherent risk of the operation, and patients should be fully informed of this potential complication. The aim of this study is to assess the outcome of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) by determining the incidence of biliary leak and avoid it.
Settings: Surgical wards of Al-Emamian Alkazimian Medienl City between 2013 & 2014. This is a prospective study of 204 patients. We evaluated the data according to outcome measures, such as bile duct injury, morbidity, mortality. During this period, 204 patients underwent LC, of whom two patients (1%) have minor bile duct injuries. biliary tract injury is a major complication of LC. Anatomical anomalies, local pathology, and poor surgical techniques are the main responsible factors.